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3+1 qo'shma ta'lim dasturi

Belarus davlat pedagogika universiteti bilan qo'shma ta'lim dasturiga marhamat!


Khasanova Alina Maratovna The topic of national and cultural specifics is quite traditional for research in the field of phraseology. For many years, works on phraseology (especially if they were carried out within the framework of traditional linguistics) argued that phraseological units are nationally specific units of the language that accumulate the cultural potential of the people. The purpose of this article is to describe the features of national-cultural aspect in the language picture of the world in phraseological units in the Russian and Uzbek languages. The concept of time is an integral part of existence. In science, the problem of time has always occupied an important place. Over the question «What is time?» people have been thinking for centuries, trying to understand, isolate and comprehend its properties. The category of time is multifaceted: time has been studied in philosophy, physics, history, folklore, literature, cultural studies, psychology, and linguistics [1]. The term «time» has many definitions, for example, time is a form of existence of movement or matter, a way of existence of space, a form of existence of movement. Time can be imagined as something acting on a space filled with vacuum and giving rise to what we used to define as the concept of matter. But «time» is also a property of being, which characterizes the change of events, their sequence and direction. In everyday communication, you can often hear the phrases: «время идёт», «время движется», «время бежит», «время летит». Man does not live outside of time. Thanks to time, the present becomes the past, and it is possible to think about the future. The main distinguishing feature of time is its irreversibility. It is with her that the complaints of all people are connected, a gloomy shade in the phrases «время прошло», «время упущено», which carries the meaning: never return again. It is the irreversibility inherent in time that gives to all things that cannot be seen again, a second time, that last sharpness of attractiveness and spirituality as the meaning of life and hope, with the help of spiritual elevation, mastery of wisdom, to avoid suffering, to find the fullness of life happiness.